Home / Nature / Top 10 Most Active Volcanoes In The World

Top 10 Most Active Volcanoes In The World

Top 10 Most Active Volcanoes In The World

A volcano is a rupture on the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. Earth’s volcanoes occur because its crust is broken into 17 major, rigid tectonic plates that float on a hotter, softer layer in its mantle.


10. Santa María, Guatemala

most active volcanoes

Its eruption in 1902 was one of the four largest eruptions of the 20th century and one of the five biggest eruptions of the past 200 years


9.  Galeras, Colombia

most active volcanoes

It summit rises 4,276 meters (14,029 ft) above sea level. It has erupted frequently since the Spanish conquest, with its first historical eruption being recorded on December 7, 1580. A 1993 eruption killed nine people, including six scientists who had descended into the volcano’s crater to sample gases. It is currently the most active volcano in Colombia


8. Mauna Loa, Hawaii

most active volcanoes

One of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii and the largest on Earth in terms of volume and area covered. The Hawaiian name “Mauna Loa” means “Long Mountain”. Lava eruptions from Mauna Loa are very fluid; eruptions tend to be non-explosive and the volcano has relatively shallow slopes


7. Taal Volcano, Philippines

most active volcanoes

The second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions. All of these eruptions are concentrated on Volcano Island, an island near the middle of Taal Lake. Taal Volcano and Lake presents one of the most picturesque and attractive views in the Philippines


6. Ulawun, Papua New Guinea

most active volcanoes

Situated on the island of New Britainit, it is the highest mountain in the Bismarck Archipelago at 2,334 meters (7,657 ft), and one of the most active volcanoes in Papua New Guinea. Several thousand people live near the volcano. There have been 22 recorded eruptions since the 18th century

5. Mount Nyiragongo, D.R of Congo

most active volcanoes

An active volcano located inside Virunga National Park, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The main crater is about two km wide and usually contains a lava lake. Nyiragongo’s lava lake has at times been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. Nyiragongo and nearby Nyamuragira are together responsible for 40% of Africa’s historical volcanic eruptions


4. Mount Merapi, Indonesia

most active volcanoes

“Fire Mountain” is an active volcano located on the border between Central Java and Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. Thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano


3. Sakurajima, Japan

most active volcanoes

An active volcano and a former island. The lava flows of the 1914 eruption caused the former island to be connected with the Osumi Peninsula. The volcanic activity still continues, dropping large amounts of volcanic ash on the surroundings. Earlier eruptions built the white sands highlands in the region


2. Mount Vesuvius, Italy

most active volcanoes

Located just 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples, making it the most densely populated volcanic region in the entire world. Mount Vesuvius has a history of activity that makes it one of the world’s most dangerous volcanoes. It last erupted was in 1944, but the most memorable eruption was the massive eruption of 79 AD, when it buried the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii


1. Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

most active volcanoes

Icelandic for “Island mountain glacier”, this volcano is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. The ice cap covers the caldera of a volcano with a summit elevation of 1,666 meters (5,466 ft). The 2010 eruption caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe. About 20 countries closed their airspace to commercial jet traffic and it affected more than 100,000 travelers

About admin

Check Also

Top 10 Amazing Facts About Mars

Top 10 Amazing Facts About Mars Amazing Facts About Mars is the fourth planet from the ...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *